Update on Novel Coronavirus Infection

30 January 2020 -  Update on Novel Coronavirus Infection

The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is now a controlled notifiable condition under the South Australian
Public Health Act 2011. Doctors and diagnostic laboratories are required to notify the CDCB Medical
Officer on call of any suspected cases on 1300 232 272 (24/7).

While most cases continue to be reported from Hubei Province, China, where the outbreak began, over
7,500 confirmed cases have been reported with over 170 deaths in mainland China, and the disease has
now spread to all provinces of China. There have now been cases reported from more than a dozen other
countries, including Australia, where 7 cases have been confirmed. There has not yet been a confirmed
case in South Australia, and there is no evidence of local transmission in Australia at this stage.

The incubation period thought to be 2-14 days. The infectious period is currently unknown, but there is
early evidence of transmission in the pre-symptomatic phase.

The information on this incident is constantly evolving. 

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE 
CONTROL BRANCH
- Attention all doctors - 
Date: 30/01/2020   Contact telephone number: 1300 232 272  (24 hours/7 days)

 

Update on Novel Coronavirus Infection

The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is now a controlled notifiable condition under the South Australian 
Public Health Act 2011. Doctors and diagnostic laboratories are required to notify the CDCB Medical 
Officer on call of any suspected cases on 1300 232 272 (24/7). 

While most cases continue to be reported from Hubei Province, China, where the outbreak began, over 
7,500 confirmed cases have been reported with over 170 deaths in mainland China, and the disease has 
now spread to all provinces of China. There have now been cases reported from more than a dozen other 
countries, including Australia, where 7 cases have been confirmed. There has not yet been a confirmed 
case in South Australia, and there is no evidence of local transmission in Australia at this stage. 

The incubation period thought to be 2-14 days. The infectious period is currently unknown, but there is 
early evidence of transmission in the pre-symptomatic phase. 

The information on this incident is constantly evolving. 

 

The Australian Government has now recommended that:

  • People (including healthcare workers) who have been in contact with any confirmed 2019-nCoV cases 
    must be isolated in their home for 14 days following exposure.
  • Returned travellers who have been in Hubei Province, China must be isolated in their home for 14 days
    after leaving Hubei Province, other than for seeking individual medical care.

Given the lower number of cases in China reported outside of Hubei province, isolation is not currently
recommended for travellers from other parts of China or other countries. The development of cases outside
of Hubei province is being closely monitored and this advice will be updated if necessary.

Medical practitioners are advised to:

  • Consider 2019-nCoV in persons who have returned from mainland China or are contacts of a known
    case of 2019-nCoV, in the 14 days prior to illness onset, with fever or history of fever, or with
    respiratory symptoms such as cough, dyspnoea, or pneumonia.
  • Assess patients with suspected 2019-nCoV infection using transmission based precautions in
    addition to standard precautions:
    • Put a surgical mask on patient and ask to observe respiratory (cough) etiquette.
    • Social distancing i.e. move patient from general waiting area and use a single room, if available.
    • Staff examining patient to wear gloves, disposable long sleeved gown, P2/N95 respirator mask (if
      available, if not available then wear a surgical mask) and eye protection.
    • Hand hygiene with alcohol hand rub, or if hands visibly soiled, soap and water.
      Avoid aerosol generating procedures, if possible. If they cannot be avoided, use full airborne
      precautions including P2/N95 respirator mask and negative pressure room.
  • Notify the CDCB medical officer on 1300 232 272 (24/7) to discuss any suspected cases.
  • Consider laboratory testing
    • Discuss testing with CDCB medical officer. If testing is recommended and you have the
      appropriate PPE (as above with P2/N95 respirator mask) in isolated room, collect a combined
      nasal / pharyngeal swab, preferably in viral transport medium. See specimen collection guide at
      https://www.sapathology.sa.gov.au/genericfiles/PUB-0712.pdf. Send specimens to SA Pathology.
    • Do not send patients to pathology collection centres.
  • Isolate any patient with suspected 2019-nCoV (either in a healthcare facility or at home).


For further information see SA Health www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/novelcoronavirus, the Australian
Government Department of Health website at https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/novel-coronavirus2019-ncov
and the World Health Organization website at https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus 

Dr Louise Flood – Director, Communicable Disease Control Branch

For all enquiries please contact the CDCB on 1300 232 272

Public - 12-A2

Download the official health alert here (PDF)


 

26 February 2020 - Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Further Recommendations

26 February 2020 - Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Further Recommendations

There have now been more than 80,000 cases of COVID-19 reported globally, with the
majority occurring in mainland China. There have been three confirmed cases in South
Australia. Two cases had travelled from Wuhan (Hubei Province, China) before travel
restrictions were applied, and one case recently returned from the Diamond Princess
Cruise Ship. Many symptomatic returning travellers are testing positive for other respiratory
illnesses, predominantly rhinovirus. More than 1500 coronavirus tests have been done on
people with respiratory illness in SA, with no further positives.

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE 
CONTROL BRANCH
- Attention all doctors - 
Date: 26/02/2020   Contact telephone number: 1300 232 272  (24 hours/7 days)

 

Novel Coronavirus infection updated recommendations

There have now been more than 80,000 cases of COVID-19 reported globally, with the 
majority occurring in mainland China. There have been three confirmed cases in South 
Australia. Two cases had travelled from Wuhan (Hubei Province, China) before travel 
restrictions were applied, and one case recently returned from the Diamond Princess 
Cruise Ship. Many symptomatic returning travellers are testing positive for other respiratory 
illnesses, predominantly rhinovirus. More than 1500 coronavirus tests have been done on 
people with respiratory illness in SA, with no further positives.

Case definition: suspected cases require BOTH epidemiological AND clinical criteria

  • Epidemiological criteria: at least one of the following
    • Travel to (including transit through) mainland China in the 14 days before the onset of illness OR
    • Close or casual contact in the 14 days before illness onset with a confirmed case of COVID-19
  • Clinical criteria: at least one of the following
    • Fever OR
    • Acute respiratory infection
  • For “case” or “close contact” definition see CDNA National Guidelines

Areas of interest

  • Areas of interest now include Iran, Italy, and South Korea in addition to Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, and Thailand.
  • Clinicians should consider testing people with clinical signs/symptoms of COVID-19 who have travelled to these areas (excluding airport transit) in the 14 days before onset of symptoms.
  • If the decision is made to test, advise the person to remain in home isolation pending results.

Australian Government Smart Traveller

No changes to isolation recommendations

Medical practitioners are advised to:

  • Follow updated Infection Control Guidelines Flowchart 
  • Refer to previous Public Health Alert of 12 February 2020 for further details of PPE, infection control and specimen collection
  • If absent/mild respiratory symptoms use contact and droplet precautions for specimen collection:
    • PPE i.e. gloves, long sleeved gown, surgical mask and protective eye wear. 
    • Use a single room with the door closed and stand slightly to the side of the patient whilst collecting. 
  • If severe respiratory symptoms (suggestive of pneumonia) send to hospital for
    assessment (after informing emergency department). Airborne precautions should
    be used for specimen collection:
    • PPE i.e. gloves, long sleeved gown, fit checked P2/N95 mask and protective eye wear. 
    • Use a single room with the door closed (left vacant for 30 minutes) or a negative pressure room.
  • Send specimens to SA Pathology.
  • Do not send patients to a general pathology collection centre.
  • Where appropriate PPE and/or facilities are not available for specimen collection, SA Pathology can
    provide a domiciliary service for in home testing; doctors must
    ring 8222 3000 to arrange this service.
    These need to be pre-approved by CDCB (phone 1300 232 272).
  • Do not test patients for ‘medical clearance’ certificates for schools or workplaces.
  • If the decision is made to test, advise the person to remain in home isolation pending results.
  • Notify suspected and confirmed cases by phone to CDCB on 1300 232 272.

Refer to the Australian Government webpages for further information.

 

For further information see SA Health www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/novelcoronavirus, the Australian
Government Department of Health website at https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/novel-coronavirus2019-ncov
and the World Health Organization website at https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus 

Dr Louise Flood – Director, Communicable Disease Control Branch

For all enquiries please contact the CDCB on 1300 232 272

Public - 12-A2

Download the official health alert here (PDF)


 

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